Andreas Stenling, PhD
Current Position: Researcher, Department of Psychology, Umeå University
Leadership and motivational processes in various contexts (e.g., sport, work)
Transfer of training
Sport injury rehabilitation, prediction, and prevention
Physical activity, cognitive function, and mental health across the life span
Applications of statistical methods in sport and exercise psychology research
Contact and information:
Personal website: http://www.psy.umu.se/om-institutionen/personal/andreas-stenling
Guest: Edson Filho
Dr. Filho is a Lecturer is Sport and Exercise Psychology in the School of Psychology at the University of Central Lancashire. He received a doctoral degree in Sport Psychology from Florida State University (USA) and completed a post-doctoral term in Neuroscience and Psychophysiology at the Behavioral Imaging and Neural Dynamics Center at the University of Chieti (Italy). His research agenda revolves around peak performance experiences, team processes and social neuroscience in sports. Dr. Filho has published numerous peer-reviewed manuscripts and book chapters on topics related to performance, sport and exercise psychology. Dr. Filho also has applied experience, having served as a performance enhancement specialist for athletes and performing artists. He is a Certified Consultant by the Association for Applied Sport Psychology and a member of the Sport Psychology registry of the United States Olympic Committee. Dr. Filho’s research and applied work has been recognized through several awards, including the Diversity Award by the Association for Applied Sport Psychology and the Dissertation Award in Sport and Exercise Psychology by the American Psychological Association.
Research Gate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Edson_Filho
Guest: Luc Martin
My research interests lie in the general area of sport psychology with a particular focus on group dynamics principles. More specifically, I am interested in the psychosocial influences present in sport and physical activity settings, and how individuals’ can be influenced by, but can also influence the groups to which they belong. My current projects involve the investigation of group processes such as cohesion, cliques, social identity, and leadership on both individual and team level outcomes in child/youth and elite sport populations. Generally, the main focus is to develop a better understanding of certain psychosocial factors that can be used to inform interdisciplinary and policy relevant research aimed at enriching the sporting environment.
Martin, L. J., Eys, M. A., & Spink, K. S. (2016). The social environment in sport organizations. In C. Wagstaff (Ed.), The Organizational Psychology of Sport: Key Issues and Practical Applications. Abingdon, UK: Routlege.
Study: Hardiness differentiates military trainees on behavioural persistence and physical performance
Hardiness is a personality trait that drafts courage and motivation during adversity. Research showed that hardiness differentiates elite athletes from their lower rank competitors. In the domain of sport psychology, hardiness also strongly predicts physical performance. Because the military occupation requires resilience and excellence in physical performance, researchers investigated hardiness and behavioural persistence during training. However, in those studies, hardiness’ impact was weak. Besides, military researchers seldom addressed hardiness’ effect on physical performance. We investigated the influence of hardiness on behavioural persistence and physical performance during the military basic training. Participants were 233 trainees involved in a 22-week long basic training. They completed hardiness measures at the beginning of the training and then, two months later, we registered who stayed involved and who had dropped out. The remaining trainees participated in a self-defence exercise and their trainers evaluated their performance. Our analysis indicated that hardiness significantly predicted behavioural persistence: the trainees still involved in the training after two months scored significantly higher on the hardiness scale than those who dropped out (EXP(B) = 1.08; p < .05). Our results however confirm that hardiness has a weak direct effect on persistence of military trainees. During the self-defence exercise, hardiness positively predicted physical performance ( = 9.87; p < .05). We discuss the possible relation of hardiness with other major persistence predictors in the military, such as health, health practices, and social support. Our study is the first to indicate a strong relationship between hardiness and soldiers’ physical performance.
Author: Salvatore Lo Bue
Captain-Commandant (OF-3) Salvatore Lo Bue is Head of the Chair of Psychology at the Belgian Royal Military Academy (RMA). He holds a PhD degree in Psychology (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven – KUL) and in Social and Military Sciences (RMA). In 2003, he starts his professional career as researcher for the Medical Psychology Service of the University Hospital of Liège. In 2004, he joins the Belgian Defense as Mental Readiness Advisor. As such, he deploys three times in Kosovo (KFOR), two times in Afghanistan (ISAF) and one time off the coast of Somalia (EU NAVFOR) to advise commanders on the psychological aspects of a deployment (leadership, cohesion, job satisfaction, and psychosocial support). In 2011, he was appointed to the RMA where his main task is to teach psychology to military cadets and to conduct research in the domain of military psychology.
Today, as a lecturer in Psychology, his main occupation is teaching elements of psychology to the cadets of the RMA. The courses he teaches include “Military Psychology”, “Communication Psychology”, “Human Factors Engineering” and “Didactics”. His main pedagogical objective is how the future officer can use principles of psychology to improve performance and wellbeing among the member of his troop.
Although the theme of his PhD addressed the relevance of hardiness in the military context, his research interests are broader and concern the whole domain of military psychology, in other words all topics helping to improve performance and wellbeing among military service members. At the time being, his main efforts lie on a study concerning the sense of agency and of responsibility (in collaboration with Université Libre de Bruxelles), the strategies of minority groups to cope with a identity-threatening environments (in collaboration with KUL) and a European Defense Agency project on resilience screening for selecting military solicitants.
Study: An empirical examination comparing the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment approach and Psychological Skills Training for the mental health and sport performance of female student athletes
Abstract: The present study was a randomised controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) approach compared to traditional Psychological Skills Training (PST) for the mental health and sport performance of female collegiate athletes. Two hypotheses were proposed: (a) participants in the MAC group would demonstrate reduced behavioural issues, emotional distress, and psychological symptoms, and increased athletic performance when compared to those in the PST group; (b) MAC participants would exhibit reduced emotion dysregulation and increased psychological flexibility and dispositional mindfulness, compared to PST participants. Participants included 18 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division III female student athletes who were randomly assigned into either the MAC or PST group based upon pre-intervention levels of distress; and were assessed pre-intervention, post-intervention, and at 1-month follow-up. A mixed-model ANOVA analysis revealed that the MAC effectively reduced Substance Use, Hostility, and Emotion Dysregulation over time when compared to the PST group. Several within-group differences also emerged, as MAC participants demonstrated reduced Generalised Anxiety, Eating Concerns, and Psychological Distress, as well as increased psychological flexibility from post-intervention to one-month follow-up. As per coach ratings, MAC participants also evidenced improved sport performance from pre-intervention to post-intervention. Results suggest that the MAC is an effective intervention for the mental health and sport performance needs of female collegiate athletes.
Author: Mike Gross
Dr. Mike Gross is a Certified Consultant for the Association of Applied Sport Psychology (CC-AASP) who runs a private practice in Somerset, NJ offering both mental health and performance enhancement services to athletes. Using techniques from Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and other mindfulness-based approaches, Dr. Gross seeks to help athletes optimize performance both inside and outside of sport. In addition to his private practice work, Dr. Gross is the Coordinator of Sport Psychology and adjunct professor at The College of New Jersey (TCNJ). Dr. Gross is also the Senior Associate Editor of the Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology (JCSP). He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org