Study: The Effects of Music and a Coxswain on Attentional Focus, Perceived Exertion, Motivation, and Performance During a 1,000 m Ergometer Rowing Sprint.
Music has often been portrayed as a dissociative (i.e., distracting) mechanism. This study demonstrates that music may not be unifunctional in regards to attentional focus; that is, external concentration on music can coexist with task-relevant thoughts. Female intercollegiate rowers (N =26) performed four 1,000msprints on a rowing ergometer at maximal effort under music, coxswain, combined music and coxswain, and control conditions. Findings indicate that during the 1,000 m rowing sprint, both external and task-relevant dimensions of attentional focus can exist simultaneously. This implies a new consideration of music as either dissociative or associative based on task-related factors.
Author: Nicole Gabana, M.A.
Nicole is currently attending Indiana University, where she is close to finishing her doctoral program. Her research interests include the integration of positive psychology with sport psychology. A former collegiate rower, Nicole understands the lifestyle and difficulties facing collegiate athletes and has spent her academic career focused on how she can help.
Study: Post-LDAC Reﬂections of ROTC Cadets: Relationship to Leadership and Performance
Abstract: In the United States Reserve Officer Training Program (ROTC) cadets attend a month-long Leadership Development and Assessment Course (LDAC), where they are evaluated on leadership ability. Scores earned from LDAC influence both a cadet’s status (active duty or reserve) as well as the branch of service available upon graduation. The purpose of this study was to identify key psychological constructs germane to ROTC cadets’ experiences at LDAC, as Bartone and colleagues (2002) have called for more ecologically sound studies in military settings because of the unique work constraints of interacting with others in this domain. Through semi-structured interviews, with 25 cadets upon their return from LDAC, three distinct higher order themes emerged (a) perceived difficulty LDAC, (b) psychological skills required for success, and (c) social climate experienced. Participant themes were then compared to LDAC scores, allowing for examination of how salient aspects of leadership manifested themselves through cadets’ behaviors and performances. Specifically, it was noted that confidence and adapting to the situation/people were important psychological strategies for achievement. Furthermore, an inverse relationship was also noted between social climate and performance, in that cadets who earned an average score enjoyed social interactions with fellow cadets, whereas a majority of cadets who recorded exceptional scores found the social climate of LDAC frustrating. In sum, cadets’ ability to decipher and then utilize appropriate behaviors based on organizational requirements helped distinguish capable leaders from extraordinary ones (Bartone et al., 2007).
Author: Todd Gilson
Dr. Todd Gilson is an associate professor at Northern Illinois University. He obtained his undergraduate in sport management from Ohio Northern University, M.S. in Human Performance from Oregon State University and Ph.D. from Michigan State University in sport and exercise psychology.
Todd grew up playing sports in high school and college. He found himself wondering why he couldn’t do some things mentally that others could do and decided to look into the field of sport psychology. His current research interests include effective leadership in high-expectancy conditions, relationship of confidence and performance, regulation of behavior under pressure and motivation within achievement contexts.
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John Falleson Studied mentioned in the Interview: http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/mil/23/5/462/
Welcome to Bridging the Gap Podcast, the new way to discover research.
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Topics: Sport psychology, Exercise Psychology, Performance Psychology, Sport and Performance, Well-being, Mindset, Mental Strength, Mental toughness, Resilience